Optical I/O is Here…

Have You Seen the


Chip-to-chip communication is advancing at the speed of light.

Are you keeping up?

Major players from all over the technology map—AI, HPC, aerospace, data center, cloud, and telecom—are developing optical I/O (OIO) next-generation solutions to meet the growing bandwidth, power, and latency requirements of the most demanding applications. Discover how HPE, Intel, Lockheed, NVIDIA, Raytheon, and others are looking to in-package optical I/O to ramp up data movement, build composable architectures, and get that next million-X speed-up in AI.

Contact us at info@ayarlabs.com to learn about optical I/O use cases in your industry.

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Aerospace giants like Raytheon and Lockheed Martin see optical I/O advancing multiple SWaP-constrained applications like digital beamforming, phased array radar, and disaggregated airborne systems. For example, aerospace designers can architect disaggregated systems—placing sensors on the wings and nose of a jet and employing lightweight, EMI-resistant optical interconnects to quickly move data to processing units in the center of the plane.


Phased-Array Radar

Battlespace Interconnectivity

Enabling Data-Intensive, Real-Time Battlefield Communication

Enabling Data-Intensive, Real-Time Battlefield Communication: The Role of Silicon Photonics in Next-Gen Converged-Sensor Platforms

Lockheed Martin Corporation is exploring converged-sensor system architectures as an alternative to siloed sensor systems. With this approach, platforms use high-performance radio frequency and electro-optic/infrared sensors for multiple tasks, shared across multiple systems.

Optical I/O: Designing the Future of Digital Beamforming and Antenna Arrays

Digital beamforming is the core technology driving advanced radar and communications systems for the aerospace industry. Digital beamforming, which uses a large number of elements in antenna arrays, enables faster, more precise, higher fidelity radar. Higher fidelity requires more elements generating more data. Only optical I/O from Ayar Labs can manage the quadratic increase in bandwidth density needed to deliver precise, higher fidelity phased array radar.

Cloud and Data Center

Major cloud and data center service providers are looking to optical I/O to deliver new innovations in system designs, such as disaggregated architectures that allow matching resources to workloads. Companies such as Intel, Google, and HPE see opportunities for multiple applications for their customers in terms of increased bandwidth, performance, and flexibility while reducing power consumption.

Disaggregated Architectures

Efficient Power Usage

High Bandwidth Memory

4 Tbps Optical FPGA Technology from Intel and Ayar Labs: Spend Your Precious Power on Compute, Not Connectivity

Sergey Shumarayev, Intel senior principal engineer/distinguished architect, shares how optical FPGA technology addresses socket power challenges for data-intensive applications like generative AI.

GlobalFoundries & Ayar Labs: Delivering Optical I/O for the Continued Rise of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

Dr. Anthony J. Yu, VP, silicon photonics product management, GlobalFoundries, examines Ayar Labs’ and GlobalFoundries’ long-term partnership and optical I/O product roadmap. Dr. Yu also addresses how Ayar Labs’ optical technology unlocks the compute power necessary for data-intensive applications like artificial intelligence and machine learning.

Artificial Intelligence

Optical I/O enables disaggregated architectures that decouple memory from processors and accelerators, allowing memory to be pooled with low latency and high performance. These new architectures provide flexible designs that can be shifted to meet the demands of ever-increasing AI workloads. NVIDIA believes optical I/O is a key technology on the path to its next million-X speedup in AI.

Machine Learning


Graph Analytics

Ayar Labs’ optical I/O unleashes the potential of next-generation AI compute architectures

Generative AI is enabling transformative outcomes, but model complexity is growing exponentially. Traditional interconnects create a bottleneck for data, forcing GPUs to remain idle a majority of the time. We need a new approach to generative AI architecture: optically connect nodes at scale so they effectively work like a single, giant GPU.

Scalable and Sustainable AI: Rethinking Hardware and System Architecture

In-Package Optical I/O for Generative AI Architectures

This solution brief explores the needs of near-future generative AI architectures, as well as how optical I/O can help solve some of the problems currently facing industry leaders.

High Performance Computing

Ayar Labs’ in-package optical I/O delivers up to 1000x bandwidth density improvements at one-tenth the power compared to electrical I/O. Future generations of HPE Slingshot, a high-performance Ethernet fabric specifically designed for HPC and AI solutions, plan to include optical I/O to deliver unprecedented bandwidth and speed, at lower levels of power and latency, to meet customers‘ growing demands for scale and performance.


Composable Computing

Artificial Intelligence

High Bandwidth Memory

Optical I/O Chiplets Eliminate Bottlenecks to Unleash Innovation

Optical I/O Chiplets Eliminate Bottlenecks to Unleash Innovation

Ayar Labs is the first to deliver monolithic in-package optical I/O (OIO) chiplets, a new universal I/O solution that enables chips to communicate with each other from millimeter to kilometer-scale, at the power, latency, and bandwidth density of in-package interconnect. Several technology trends point to the arrival of OIO chiplets as a critical industry inflection point…

Ayar Labs’ Optical I/O Enables Disaggregated Architectures for Cloud, AI, and HPC

Disaggregated architectures are shifting the paradigm of innovation by enabling resource composability for more efficient utilization in Cloud, AI, and high performance computing.


Optical I/O is also key for digital beamforming in telecom applications. Digital beamforming uses a large number of elements in antenna arrays to generate tightly directed beams for communication. OIO enables more elements in each antenna as well as more antennas in the same footprint to move a quadratic increase in data.


Increased Bandwidth


Revolutionary Optics + Glass Waveguide Redefine AI, Telecom & Data Center Infrastructures

Traditional mobile networks need to rapidly transform at the edge to handle the exponential growth in traffic and AI-driven services. Ayar Labs and Corning have developed a next-generation AI optical solution that couples Ayar Labs’ TeraPHY™ optical I/O chiplets and Corning’s unique glass waveguide module with built-in optical connections.

Expanding Bandwidth and Flexibility for Telecommunications Using Optical I/O

Expanding Bandwidth and Flexibility for Telecommunications Using Optical I/O

As 5G networking transforms the telecommunications industry and next-generation 6G is close at hand, the need for increased bandwidth across wireless and wired infrastructure components has become obvious…

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